The island of Märket

Tiny island of the Baltic, divided between two states

Isla de Märket
Photo: tt_koski

Märket (it 'marks' in Swedish) is a small uninhabited islet of the Baltic Sea, placed between Sweden and Finland, whose sovereignty she is divided between these two states. The Treaty of Fredrikshamn (Hamina) of 1809 defined the border between Sweden and the ancient Russian Empire and made to spend the frontier line for the center of the island.

The island measures approximately 350 m long for 150 wide one and has a surface of little more than 3 hectares.

There is a lighthouse in the Finnish part of the territory, which functioning was automated in 1979. When it was constructed for Russian and Finnish in 1885 there were no detailed maps of the island and after finished the work, they realized that they had constructed it in the Swedish area.

Isla de Märket

To arrange it it happened to them to modify the frontier line, so that the lighthouse was falling down of the Finnish side, but with two conditions: the entire surface of territory of each of the states could not change and neither could be modified the length of the line of the coast, in order not to interfere in the fishing rights of every country.

This problem gave place to an ingenious geometric solution with a frontier line in such a way that it can turn in the map.

Isla de Märket
Photo: Wikipedia

Every 25 years the border is inspected by agents of both countries. The last time was in August, 2006. In addition to in ship, also it can go over to the island in helicopter.

As we can see in the photos that there have raised to Flickr few travelers who have approached over there, it is a question of a place with very attractive natural sceneries. There are seals and diverse classes of sea birds. Now it runs the risk of turning into tourist place.

Isla de Märket
Photo: taivasalla

Photos of Taivasalla: Gallery

Photos of tt_koski: Gallery (1), Gallery (2)

More information detailed in the Spanish Wikipedia.

Category: Science and skill, Environment

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To send Buzz Wikio
On Monday, the 22nd June, 2009

7 comments to “The island of Märket

  1. Silvia on On Monday, the 22nd June, 2009 at 9:45 am

    Seeing the complicated line of separation that they have had to plan all contentments remain, there is comprised easily how artificial the concept of “border“ is, and is a sorrow that even kills itself for them.

  2. on On Monday, the 22nd June, 2009 at 10:18 am

    Silvia, good reflection. Looking at the maps it is seen that the borders are artificial, especially in Africa, which was planned by drawing-pen during the decolonization

  3. Juanjo on Monday, the 22nd June, 2009 at 12:31 pm

    The human being goes so far as to do all the atrocities, for motives frankly absudos.

    Interesting post and curious situation that of this island. A greeting.

  4. PECE on On Monday, the 22nd June, 2009 at 1:49 pm

    He had already read something on the tiny shared island of the Baltic one, but it seems that the famous saying of “costs more an image that hundred words” it is completely true since in this occasion, with the drawing of the border and the images of the island that you enclose the anecdotal of the situation is appreciated perfectly.

    If of respecting the territorial integrity of both countries it was talking each other, much easier it had been to compensate Sweden with the same territory on the terrestrial border. Something similar happened during the establishment of the limits of the exterior field in Melilla during the XIXth century. Although in case of the Baltic also they met the problem of delimiting the territorial waters.

  5. PECE on On Monday, the 22nd June, 2009 at 1:55 pm

    Another solution more logical that occurs to me now had been to establish an agreement of transfer of the lighthouse or maintenance shared by both governments. Certainly the modification of the border is the simplest but also the most absurd.

  6. isabelbarcelo on On Tuesday, the 23rd June, 2009 at 5:20 pm

    It is still to see if the tourism will go to Finland or to Sweden. After there sees which of two countries covers more … cordial Greetings.

  7. The smallest island divided between two states on On Wednesday, the 24th June, 2009 at 1:49 am

    [...] The smallest island divided between two for Oliver a few seconds ago [...]

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