The Iberia of the Caucasus
Scenery of Tusheti, province to the North-East of Georgia.
Photo: Wikipedia. Lidia Ilona
Looking for other things, and for this so frequent phenomenon in Internet that they call serendipia, I have met on a titled work “The terms “Iberia“ e “Iberians“ in the Greco-Roman sources: I study about his origin and ambience of application”, of Adolfo J. Domínguez Change purse, and with a surprising paragraph for me:
“I believe that there cannot be comprised the concept of Iberia, applied to the Iberian Peninsula (to the totality or to a part, as we will discuss already later), without reference, as it has being frequent, to the oriental Iberians and to the Iberia. Really, two are the "Iberias" that in the ancient world know each other: one of them, oriental, has been considered systematically by the historians as without any relation, except the coincidence of his names (Schulten, 1952, 311), with the Iberian Peninsula. Nevertheless, the sources and his interpretation have something that to say on this matter. I believe that the solution it is brought us by one of our best informers about the ancient world, which is not different that Estrabón, when he says to us (XI, 2, 19) that is probable that the Iberians of the Ponto and the western Iberians are «namesakes« because of the gold-mines existence between both. Schulten (1952, 310) believes that it must be a question of an interpolation, and García Bellido (1968, 247) says that it is a question of a «curious hypothesis, out of any reason».”
So that there existed another Iberia that was occupying the oriental part of the current Georgia. Evidently, it was the Greeks who baptized at two o'clock Iberias, places that they were considering to be mythical for being in two ends of the well-known world.
Photo: Wikipedia. Copyright© Andrew Andersen
On the possible relation between our peninsula and the region homónima of the Caucasus, the investigators have formulated diverse hypotheses, which go since the coincidence in the name is a mere coincidence up to the hypothesis that supports that the Iberians of there and of here there were the same people.
I read in the Wikipedia:
“The similarity of the term Iberia with the ancient inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula, the Iberians ‘of the west’, it has thrown the idea of an ethnic and genetic kinship between they and the populations of the caucasian Iberia, the Iberians of 'this one'.
Several authors of the Antiquity and the Middle Age supported this idea, although they differed as regards the problem of the initial place of his orígen. The theory seems that it became popular in the medieval Georgia. The prominent Georgian religious writer, Giorgi Mthatzmindeli (1009-1065) wrote on the desire of some Georgian noblemen to travel to the Iberian Peninsula and to visit the “Georgians of the west”, as this way he was quoting them.”
Juan Valera wrote in The Spanish and American Enlightenment, nº 2 of January 15, 1880, a quite literary and article not scientific at all:
“From the skirt of the Caucasus, dilating to the Midday up to the mount Ararat, in whose covered with snow summit placed the Noé ark, they were living and there live still diverse tribes, nations or nations, called caucasian; caste of the brave, robust and most beautiful men, who are today the Circassian, Georgian ones and mingrelianos, in the times to which we refer designated with diverse names. To the East, in the banks of the Caspian Sea, the Albanians were living, and more on the South the cadusios; to the Occident, shores of the Ponto, the colquios famous by Medea were living the enchantress and for the golden fleece, and more to the Occident the calibes, skillful forgers of the iron, and those of Tibar, so envied by his gold. In the center of these nations, and as defending the Caucasian doors against the invasions of the escitas, there were the Iberians, from whom undoubtedly there come the primitive Spanish, that Iberians called themselves also.”
It keeps on exhibiting his agreement with the hypothesis of the Father Fidel Fita, who was supporting that the Iberian Spanish were coming from the Caucasians, being the Basque and the Georgian related languages. And it adds:
“They recount the Georgian, ordered chronicles to write and to publish for king Wagtang, that, after the dispersion of the nations, the gigantic patriarch Togorma went to populate the Georgia or Iberia, son of Gomer and grandson of Jafet. Others want that was Túbal, son of Jafet, who populated or colonized the Iberia of the Caucasus, and that then it or his progeny came up to the Iberia on the South of the Pyrenees, happening already first to Ireland, island to who they named by Ibernia, and from there coming to Spain; already coming to Spain straight. On these names of Iberia and Ibernia, of Ebro and of Iberian, given to diverse regions, rivers and peoples, several etymologies put themselves. They already derive them of ibha, that in the language of you forbid costs so much like family, already of greedy, that in the same language means Occident.”
It is necessary to say that all this that Valera considers to be "proven" it is not by no means (and also to clarify to those of the LOGSE that with “dispersion of the nations” it refers to the repopulation of the Earth that - according to the Biblical mythology - there realized three children of Noé, called Sem, Cam and Jafet, after the Universal Deluge)
What yes is sure is that the Caucasian Iberia was populated from the most remote times and that it constituted an independent kingdom (with the indigenous name of Kartli) from 302 aC, up to falling down in power of the Byzantine ones and, in 580 dC, of the Persians.
The Túbal children
Carla Serena, an Italian in the Caucasus
The Route of the Jázaros