Intangible cultural heritage and living human treasures
“Living human treasure” teaching the gabbang (species of Philippine xylophone)”
Next April 20, 2006 the Convention will come into force for the Safe-conduct of the Intangible cultural heritage, of the UNESCO, ratified till now by forty five States.
According to his articulated one: there are understood by intangible cultural heritage the uses, representations, expressions, knowledge and skills - together with the instruments, objects, gadgetry and cultural spaces that they are inherent - that the communities, the groups and in some cases the individuals recognize as an integral part of his cultural heritage.
This intangible cultural heritage, which is transmitted from generation to generation, is recreated constantly by the communities and groups according to his environment, his interaction with the nature and his history, infundiéndoles a feeling of identity and continuity and helping to promote this way the respect of the cultural diversity and the human creativity.
Dancer dervish of Turkey
To be more concrete, they have intangible cultural heritage character:
a) traditions and oral expressions, including the language as vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage
b) arts of the spectacle
c) social, ritual uses and festive acts
d) knowledge and uses related to the nature and the universe
e) traditional handmade skills.
Textile art in the island Taquile (Peru)
Examples of intangible cultural heritage are the textile craft of the island Taquile (Peru), the area of Wooden palisade of San Basilio (Colombia) and the dances of the Turkish dervishes. They can see the finished relation in this web.
One of the most curious concepts that I have found as regards all this is that of the living human treasures. The UNESCO names this way the individuals who possess in supreme grade the skills and necessary skills to produce certain elements of the cultural life of a people and to support the existence of his intangible cultural heritage.
Do you dominate a craft in extinction? Does he know old stories or legends that nobody more knows? Is it capable of touching an ancient musical instrument that very few other persons can interpret? If it is like that, you can be a “living human treasure”.